Excavation, grading, underground retention, utilities
Site Preparation is an act of grading, landscaping, building roads, and the sloping of an area where anything previously located has been cleared to make the project site free of obstruction. This can include grubbing (removal of plants/over-growth), building a pad for new buildings, or the clearing of demolished structures. Site preparation also entails blasting, test drilling, landfill, leveling, earth-moving, excavating, land drainage and other land preparation.
Clearing & Grubbing
Land clearing refers to the removal of all vegetation, while grubbing is the removal of roots that may remain in the soil. This includes the removal of all logs, brush, and debris, as well as grinding and removal of stumps. Once completed, the site is ready for grading and drain installation. Depending on the size, location, and purpose of the land, the excavation may require professional land clearing equipment. Pushover, cut, grind, and burning is four of the most used land clearing methods.
Mass Grading is an essential component of construction site work. It is one of the first steps in the construction process and is the base plate for an entire project. Mass grading in civil engineering and landscape architectural construction is the work of ensuring a level base, or one with a specified slope, for a construction work such as a foundation, the base course for a road or a railway, or landscape and garden improvements, or surface drainage.
Building pad and retention
A “pad” is a raised area of ground that has been compacted (by weight of bulldozer, compactor, grade tractor, front loader or another method) and is ready to receive the foundation. Most pads are built from fill dirt hauled to the job site or native soil if possible. If you are building a slab foundation, you will need to have a pad built. A compaction test will need to be performed on the completed pad to ensure that the soil is sufficient to support the new building.
Water management, retention, drainage, and sloping are all required when completing a lot. This allows the ground to shed water in a safe manner so as not to damage property. This can be achieved by sloping the ground away from buildings, storing water in underground basins, or a combination.